Causes and Symptoms of Heartburn

Heartburn is often referred to as acid reflux and is one of the most common phenomenon that affects people. Heartburn occurs when acid, which is present in the stomach gets into the oesophagus. Oesophagus is not that well protected as the stomach, which is why it is not capable of controlling the acids. These acids can cause pain that can last up to hours if not treated on time.

Symptoms of Heartburn

Symptoms of heartburn are described by a burning or tightening sensation which occurs in the back of chest or throat area. Some people also experience acidic taste or bitter flavour in the throat and also feel sickness.

Causes of Heartburn

Indigestion and heartburn can have similar triggers. Here are some of the factors which can cause heartburn.

Way You Eat

Consuming large meals can be one of the most important causes of heartburn. A heavy meal causes acids to develop in the stomach and lead to different kinds of digestive irregularities. Overeating also fills the stomach which can lead to production of harmful acids.

Irregularity in eating can also lead to rise in acid levels in the stomach and will not find time to regulate. Eating in a hurry or just before sleeping can also make it easier for acids to rise into the oesophagus.

What You Eat

Foods that are high in fat content can stay in the stomach for longer duration as fats are very slow to digest. Food items such as mint and chocolate can have a relaxing effect on the sphincter during its entry into the stomach which can enable acids to escape back up to the oesophagus. Spicy food, tomatoes and onions can also raise the chances of having heartburn.

Along with these, drinking alcohol or caffeinated drinks can also increase the acidity into your stomach which can lead to dietary conditions. Hot drinks and citrus juices can also trigger heartburns.


Hormonal changes are considered as one of the most important reasons as to why heartburn occurs. During the time of pregnancy, body goes through a lot of hormonal changes that can lead to heartburn. Baby also inserts a lot of pressure on the digestive tract of the mother. This can also lead to heartburn.

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